There are many types of Bonsai trees available and the first decision for anyone interested in growing Bonsai trees is what type of Bonsai tree to purchase. This is an important decision because there are various other things that a Bonsai cultivator must purchase and all of them depend on the type of Bonsai tree. The design of the pot, type of tools, etc. are all such factors. There is also the matter of really gathering knowledge about the tree that is selected. What are the trees optimal growing conditions, how often does it need watering, how often does it need pot replacement? All these questions have different answers based on the type of Bonsai trees. Study the types of trees and also what is involved in growing them properly. Match these against your own space and time availability.
Some of the common tools that you will need to take care of a Bonsai tree include wires of different sizes, wire cutters, a small as well as large pair of scissors, a small pair of garden shears (these should be sharp), and a larger pair of pruners to cut thick branches (if the Bonsai tree has thick branches).
There are already some places where a pre-trained, juvenile Bonsai trees can be purchased. This sounds like a good option but care should be taken when picking such a ready trained Bonsai tree. You need to knowledge to make a competent assessment that the Bonsai juvenile you purchase today will indeed turn out to be a good specimen when it is fully grown. There are also stock trained Bonsai trees available at plant nurseries. These Bonsai are already fully grown and do not need any training but simply everyday care. Visiting these nurseries is a good idea anyway because you can see the different types of Bonsai trees when they are fully grown.
Bonsai pots can be purchased from any plant shop but before making the purchase make certain of small points like: the pot had adequate drainage and little feet on it so water can drain away. The gap on elevated pots also allows for better airflow. The soil you use should be half organic and half grit as this also helps maintain a good level of drainage and at the same time provides the plant good anchorage in a shallow depth.
Use wire screens to prevent the soil from running out of the drainage holes at the bottom of the pot along with the drainage. First make a layer of grit at the bottom of the pot before putting in the Bonsai soil. Once you have planted the Bonsai tree it is time to give it the shape that you want. A good way is to use wires and coil them in spirals around the branches and then simply bend the whole thing in the direction you want it to grow. Be careful as not to break any branches that you shape. The size of juvenile Bonsai trees especially needs gentle handling.
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