If you want to reduce your electricity bill without reducing your energy consumption, you need to find alternative ways of producing electricity. That is not too difficult a task if you know what to do. All it takes is a few hours a day and you can make yourself a generator that produces free electricity. Most people accomplish this within one or two weekends.
There are basically 2 types of generators you can make - a solar generator and a wind generator.
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A solar generator comprises of solar cells connected in series and glued onto the base of a shallow wooden box that acts as the solar panel box. First, you need to buy 36 solar cells from eBay or someplace like that. They are much cheaper than new industrial solar cells because those in eBay are usually factory seconds but they still work fine. Next, make your shallow box (or have the carpenter do it) according to dimensions that can fit the cells connected together in series in a 6x6, 4x9 or even 3x12 matrix. Paint your box with weather proof paint. While the paint dries, you can connect the cells together in series by soldering the tab wires that come with the cells onto the front of one cell and the back of another cell. Do this for all 36 cells.
The solar cells are then glued onto the base of the wooden box which is covered with a plexiglass top. If you have connected your cells correctly, you can test it under bright sunlight and you will find a reading in your voltmeter. The wires leading out of the box are connected to a battery to store the electricity generated.
On the other hand, a wind generator is made out of a set of wind generator blades, a motor, a body to house the motor, a vane and a tower to hoist the motor and blades. I recommend buying the blades and motor from eBay. All you need to do is screw the blades onto the hub of the motor. Now connect the motor to a voltmeter and test your generator by spinning the blades. If you get a reading, you're in business. Next, connect your motor to a battery using an electrical rotary connector. This connector allows you to connect your motor (which will be turning according to the wind direction) to the battery without getting any wires tangled up.
The next step is to make a body for the motor. A PVC pipe can be used for this purpose. Make one cut down the PVC pipe lengthwise to enable the motor to be mounted onto the top of the tower later. Now make a vane (tail) out of a flat piece of aluminum and attach it to the back of the body (PVC pipe). Place the motor into the PVC pipe securely and attach a flange at the bottom of the motor so that it can turn following the wind's direction. Now use some lazy susan bearings to connect the motor to the top of the tower. You can either buy the tower from eBay or use an old TV tower. Just make sure that you place your tower out in the open, at least 15 feet higher than any other object within 30 feet from your tower. Remember to earth your tower, too.
The final thing to do is to make sure you have a blocking diode connected in your circuit before the battery so that the charge does not flow back to your generator from the battery. Also it would be a wise move to have a voltage regulator to ensure your battery does not get overcharged. You will also need to convert the DC current in the battery into AC current via an inverter before powering your appliances with the electricity.
Both these ways can produce free electricity and substantially reduce your utility bill.
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Article Source: http://www.abcarticledirectory.com
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